What does “raigetsu” mean in Japanese?
Native speakers say “raigetsu” to mean ‘next month’ in Japanese. Probably, many Japanese learners know this word as it is quite often used in Japanese conversations. In this blog post, however, I will explain this word in detail based on its kanji expression. And also, I will explain how to use it through example sentences. My explanations would help Japanese learners to understand “raigetsu” more clearly. Then, let’s get started!
- Definition and meaning of “raigetsu”
- Raigetsu in kanji
Definition and meaning of “raigetsu”
Let me start with the definition and meaning of “raigetsu”.
- raigetsu – 来月 (らいげつ) : a noun meaning ‘next month’ in Japanese.
Grammatically, this is a noun. In Japanese, however, many time-related nouns can also work as adverbs. “Raigetsu” is one of them. Native speakers, therefore, use this in almost anywhere in a sentence to say “next month” in Japanese. This fact would sound a bit weird to Japanese learners, but is not unique to the Japanese language. Actually, “next month” can work as both a noun and an adverb in English. So, Japanese learners, especially those who are familiar with English, can easily understand this point, I think.
The meaning of “raigetsu” is simple and clear. To understand this word more clearly, however, let me explain its kanji characters in detail, one by one.
Raigetsu in kanji
The kanji expression of “raigetsu” consists of the following two characters:
- 来 : a kanji character often used as a prefix to add the meaning of ‘next’, ‘coming’, ‘following’, or such. This kanji can also be found in other words like “raishuu” and “rainen“.
- 月 : a kanji character widely used to mean a month in Japanese. This kanji can also be found in other words like “kongetsu” and “sengetsu“.
From these two kanji characters, we can understand that “raigetsu” literally means ‘next month’ in Japanese. So, what its kanji characters express is completely in line with its meaning.
When we meet new kanji expressions, we should check their kanji characters in detail to understand their meanings clearly and deeply. In many cases, kanji characters tell us a lot about meanings of words they form. Actually, here, we could get the better understanding of “raigetsu” through the detailed kanji check above. Then, let me explain how to use it through the example sentences below.
Example #1: how to say “next month” in Japanese
Below are the new words used in the example sentence.
- boku – 僕 (ぼく) : a pronoun meaning ‘I’ in Japanese. This is used mainly by boys and young males.
- wa – は : a binding particle working as a case marker or topic marker. In the example, this works after “boku” to make the subject word in the sentence.
- tokyo – 東京 (とうきょう) : a noun meaning ‘Tokyo’ in Japanese.
- ni – に : a case particle used to say where someone or something goes. In the example, this is used after “tokyo” to say where “boku” will go next month.
- iki – 行き (いき) : one conjugation of the verb, “iku”, which means ‘to go’ in Japanese. In the example, it has been conjugated for the better connection with its following word.
- masu – ます : an auxiliary verb used after a verb to make it polite. Probably, this is well known as a part of Japanese masu form. In the example, this is used after “iki” to make it sound polite.
This is a typical usage of “raigetsu”. In this example, it works as an adverb at the beginning of the sentence to say “next month” in Japanese.
Again, but “raigetsu” can work as an adverb in almost anywhere in a sentence to say “next month” in Japanese. Besides the example sentence, therefore, “boku wa raigetu tokyo ni iki masu” is also very possible and understandable.
Example #2: another usage of “raigetsu”
Below is the new word used in the example sentence.
- isogashii – 忙しい (いそがしい) : an i-adjective meaning ‘busy’ in Japanese.
This is another typical usage of “raigetsu”. “Next month” works as an adverb in the English sentence, but “raigetsu” works as a noun in the Japanese sentence. So, the original meaning is more like ‘the next month will be busy (to me)’. When we want to say “next month” in Japanese, anyway, this word is a very good option.
In this blog post, I’ve explained the definition and meaning of “raigetsu” in detail based on its kanji expression. And also, I’ve explained how to use it through the example sentences. Let me summarize them as follows.
- raigetsu – 来月 (らいげつ) : a noun meaning ‘next month’ in Japanese. This can also work as an adverb in almost anywhere in a sentence. These two kanji characters literally mean ‘next month’. So, the kanji expression is completely in line with the meaning.
Hope my explanations are understandable and helpful for Japanese learners.
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