How to say “next month” in Japanese
Japanese people would say “raigetsu”. It is the Japanese word for ‘next month’. Very simple. In this blog post, however, I will explain this word in detail based on its kanji expression. And also, I will explain how to use it through example sentences. Let’s get started!
- Definition and meaning of “raigetsu”
- “Raigetsu” in kanji
Definition and meaning of “raigetsu”
Let me start with the definition and meaning of “raigetsu”.
- raigetsu – 来月 (らいげつ) : a noun meaning ‘next month’ in Japanese.
Grammatically this is a noun. In Japanese, however, many time-related nouns can also work as adverbs. “Raigetsu” is one of them. So, it can work as an adverb almost anywhere in a sentence to mean ‘next month’. This is a trait of Japanese time-related nouns, but not unique to the Japanese language. In fact, the English word, “tomorrow”, can work as both a noun and an adverb. So, Japanese learners, especially those who are familiar with English, can easily understand this point, I think.
The meaning of “raigetsu” is simple and clear. To understand this word more clearly, however, let me explain its kanji characters in detail, one by one.
“Raigetsu” in kanji
Below are the kanji characters used in “raigetsu”.
- 来 : a kanji character often used as a prefix to add the meaning of ‘next’, ‘coming’, ‘following’, or such. This kanji can also be found in other words like “raishuu” and “rainen“.
- 月 : a kanji character widely used to mean a month in Japanese. This can also work as a plural noun. Learn more about Japanese plural. This kanji can also be found in other words like “kongetsu” and “sengetsu“.
From these two kanji characters, we can understand that “raigetsu” literally means ‘next month’. What its kanji characters express is completely in line with its meaning.
When we meet new kanji expressions, we should check their kanji characters in detail to understand their meanings clearly and deeply. In many cases, kanji characters tell us a lot about meanings of words they form. Actually, here, we could get the better understanding of “raigetsu” through the detailed kanji check above. Then, let me explain how to use it through the example sentences below.
Example #1: how to say “next month” in Japanese
Below are the new words used in the example sentence.
- watashi – 私 (わたし) : a pronoun meaning ‘I’ in Japanese.
- wa – は : a binding particle working as a case marker or topic marker. In the example, this is used after “watashi” to make the subject word in the sentence.
- nihon – 日本 (にほん) : a noun meaning ‘Japan’ in Japanese.
- ni – に : a case particle used to indicate a place to which someone or something goes. In the example, this is used after “nihon” to say where “I” will go next month.
- iki – 行き (いき) : one conjugation of the verb, “iku”, which means ‘to go’ in Japanese. In the example, it has been conjugated for the better connection with its following word.
- masu – ます : an auxiliary verb used after a verb, adjective, or auxiliary verb to make it polite. Probably this is well known as a part of Japanese masu form. In the example, this is used after “iki” to make it sound polite.
This is a typical usage of “raigetsu”. In this example, it works as an adverb at the beginning of the sentence to say “next month” in Japanese. When we want to say “next month” in Japanese, this word is the best choice.
Again, but when it works as an adverb, it can be almost anywhere in a sentence. Besides the example sentence, therefore, “watashi wa raigetu nihon ni iki masu” or such is very understandable.
Example #2: another usage of “raigetsu”
Below is the new word used in the example sentence.
- isogashii – 忙しい (いそがしい) : an i-adjective meaning ‘busy’ in Japanese.
This is another typical usage of “raigetsu”. Although “next month” works as an adverb in the translation, “raigetsu” works as a noun in the Japanese sentence. So, the original nuance of the Japanese sentence is more like ‘the next month will be busy (to me)’.
In this blog post, I’ve explained “raigetsu” in detail based on its kanji expression. And also, I’ve explained how to use it through the example sentences. Let me summarize them as follows.
- raigetsu – 来月 (らいげつ) : a noun meaning ‘next month’ in Japanese. These two kanji characters literally mean ‘next month’. So, the kanji expression is completely in line with the meaning. This word can also work as an adverb almost anywhere in a sentence.
Hope my explanations are understandable and helpful for Japanese learners.
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