How to say study in JapaneseJapanese people would use the word, “benkyou”, meaning ‘study’ in Japanese. In this blog post, I will explain it in detail based on its kanji expression. And also, I will explain its verb form which means ‘to study’. Both are definitely important for Japanese learners. Let’s get started!
- Definition and meanings of benkyou
- Kanji characters used in benkyou
- Benkyou suru meaning ‘to study’
- Example #1: how to use benkyou meaning ‘studies’
- Example #2: how to use benkyou suru meaning ‘to study’
Definition and meanings of benkyouFirst of all, let me start with the definition and meanings of “benkyou”.
- benkyou – 勉強 (べんきょう) : a noun meaning ‘study’, ‘hard work’ or ‘discount’ in Japanese.
Kanji characters used in benkyouBelow are the ones.
- 勉 – a kanji character widely used in Japanese words related to ‘effort’.
- 強 – a kanji character widely used in Japanese words related to ‘strength’. And also, it’s often used to mean ‘to make someone do something without choice’.
In addition to “study”, “hard work” and “discount” are also completely in line with the concept explained above. Basically, people don’t want to do these things. Only when they are forced to do them, they do. The concept above tells us a lot about the reason the one word can have these three different meanings.
Benkyou suru meaning ‘to study’So far, I’ve explained the noun, “benkyou”. Then, let me explain its verb form. Below is it.
- benkyou suru – 勉強する (べんきょうする) : a verb meaning ‘to study’ in Japanese. Depending on context, it can also mean ‘to discount’.
In Japanese, many nouns can be changed to their verb forms with help of “suru”. In a way, it plays a significant role in making verb forms of Japanese nouns. Sometimes, those verb forms are called noun verbs. It’s worth knowing, I think.
Example #1: how to use benkyou meaning ‘studies’
Below are new words used in the example sentence.
- watashi – 私 (わたし) : a pronoun meaning ‘I’ in Japanese.
- wa – は : a binding particle working as a case maker or topic maker. In the example, it’s put after the pronoun, “watashi”, to make the subject word in the sentence.
- kore – これ : a demonstrative pronoun meaning ‘this’ in Japanese.
- kara – から : a case particle used to indicate a particular time when something starts. In the example, it’s used together with the demonstrative pronoun, “kore”, to form the phrase, “kore kara”. It has idiomatic meanings like ‘from now on’. Nevertheless, in the example, it has been translated as ‘will’. Japanese doesn’t have the future tense, so the use of this kind of hint is sometimes necessary.
- mo – も : a binding particle often used to add a nuance of ‘too’, ‘also’ or ‘as well’. In the example, it’s put after the phrase, “kore kara”, to imply that “watashi” will continue studies in the future as well as “watashi” has done in the past.
- wo – を : a case particle put after a noun to make the object word. In the example, it’s put after the noun, “benkyou”, to make the object word in the sentence. It’s written as “wo”, but its actual pronunciation is “o”.
- tsuzukeru – 続ける (つづける) : a verb meaning ‘to keep’ or ‘to continue’ in Japanese.
Example #2: how to use benkyou suru meaning ‘to study’
Below is a new word used in the example sentence.
- sukoshi – 少し (すこし) : an adverb meaning ‘a bit’, ‘a little’, ‘slightly’ or some such in Japanese.
SummaryIn this blog post, I’ve explained the word, “benkyou”, in detail based on its kanji expression. And also, I’ve explained its verb form. Let me summarize them as follows.
- benkyou – 勉強 (べんきょう) : a noun meaning ‘study’, ‘hard work’ or ‘discount’ in Japanese. These two kanji characters literally mean ‘to force someone to make an effort’. This is the basic and original concept lying under its meanings.
- benkyou suru – 勉強する (べんきょうする) : a verb meaning ‘to study’ in Japanese. Depending on the situation, it can mean ‘to discount’.