How to say “crescent moon” in Japanese
Japanese people would say “mikazuki”. It is the Japanese word for ‘crescent moon’. In this blog post, I will explain this word in detail based on its kanji expression. And also, I will explain how to use it through an example sentence. Let’s get started!
- Definition and meaning of “mikazuki”
- “Mikazuki” in kanji
Definition and meaning of “mikazuki”
Let me start with the definition and meaning of “mikazuki”.
- mikazuki – 三日月 (みかづき) : a noun meaning ‘crescent moon’ in Japanese.
Normally, Japanese people differentiate a crescent moon from the other phases of the moon. So, they say “mikazuki” to specifically refer to a crescent moon. Depending on the situation, however, it can also refer to other similar phases.
The definition and meaning of “mikazuki” are simple and clear, I think. To understand this word more clearly, however, let me explain its kanji characters in detail, one by one.
“Mikazuki” in kanji
Below are the kanji characters used in “mikazuki”.
- 三 : a kanji character widely used as a numeral meaning ‘three’ in Japanese.
- 日 : a kanji character widely used to mean ‘day’ in Japanese. This can also be found in other words like “tanjoubi“, “kinou“, “kyou“, and “ashita“.
- 月 : a kanji character widely used to mean ‘(the) moon’ in Japanese. This kanji can also be found in other words like “tsuki“.
From these three kanji characters, we can understand that “mikazuki” literally means the third day moon. “Third day” here means the third day of the lunar month. Strictly speaking, therefore, “mikazuki” means the moon on the third day of the lunar month.
When we meet new kanji expressions, we should check their kanji characters in detail to understand their meanings clearly and deeply. In many cases, kanji characters tell us a lot about meanings of words they form. Actually, here, we could get the better understanding of “mikazuki” through the detailed kanji check above.
Then, let me explain how to use “mikazuki” through the example sentence below.
Example: how to say “crescent moon” in Japanese
Below are the new words used in the example sentence.
- kinou – 昨日 (きのう) : a noun meaning ‘yesterday’ in Japanese.
- wa – は : a binding particle working as a case marker or topic marker. In the example, this works as a topic marker after “kinou” to put a focus on it.
- ga – が : a case particle used to make the subject word or the object word in a sentence. In the example, this is used after “mikazuki” to make the subject word in the sentence.
- kirei – 綺麗 (きれい) : one conjugation of the na-adjective, “kireina“, which means ‘beautiful’ in Japanese. It has been conjugated for the better connection with its following word.
- deshi – でし : one conjugation of the auxiliary verb, “desu”, which is used after a noun or adjective to make it polite.
- ta – た : an auxiliary verb used after a verb, adjective, or auxiliary verb to make its past tense form. In the example, this is used after the adjective phrase, “kirei deshi”, to make its past tense form, “kirei deshi ta”.
This is a typical usage of “mikazuki”. When we want to say “crescent moon” in Japanese, this word would be the best choice.
In this blog post, I’ve explained “mikazuki” in detail based on its kanji expression. And also, I’ve explained how to use it through the example sentence. Let me summarize them as follows.
- mikazuki – 三日月 (みかづき) : a noun meaning ‘crescent moon’ in Japanese. These three kanji characters literally mean ‘the moon on the third day of the lunar month’. Basically, this word specifically refers to a crescent moon. Depending on the situation, it can also refer to other close phases.
Hope my explanations are understandable and helpful for Japanese learners.
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